Quebec Workplace Violence and Harassment Laws
An overview Quebec bullying legislation is really limited to psychological harassment. However, the definition of harassment is broad enough that it includes most forms of bullying.
An Act Respecting Labour Standards, R.S.Q., c. N-1.1. [‘LS Act’]; An Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety , R.S.Q., c. S-2.1 [‘OHS Act’]; Regulation Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, S-2.1, r. 13
Psychological Harassment: https://www.cnt.gouv.qc.ca/en/interpretation-guide/part-i/act-respecting-labour-standards/labour-standards-sect-391-to-97/psychological-harassment-sect-8118-to-8120/index.html
Commission de la santé et de la securite du travail: https://www.csst.qc.ca/Pages/index.aspx
Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse: https://www.cdpdj.qc.ca/en/Pages/default.aspx
Workplace Violence Definition:
There is no definition regarding workplace violence at this time.
Psychological Harassment Definition:
”means any vexatious behaviour in the form of repeated and hostile or unwanted conduct, verbal comments, actions or gestures that affects an employee’s dignity or psychological or physical integrity and that results in a harmful work environment for the employee.” (LS Act, s. 81.18)
What is Needed to Be Compliant:
With regards to Quebec bullying legislation, there are no specific steps that organizations have to take in Quebec to be compliant. However, under Canadian law they should have an incidence reporting mechanism. In order to determine potential issues that might arise out of harassment claims, it would be a prudent precaution to provide training and conduct an assessment.